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The room temperature hydrogenation causes decrepitation

PDF (11 MB) Get e-Alerts SUBJECTS: Grain, Hydrogen, Hydrogenation, Magnetic properties, Organic reactions Abstract Regarding the restrictions recently imposed by China on the export of rare-earth elements (REEs), …Due to the high strength and very compact structure of sintered NdFeB magnets, hydrogen decrepitation is a necessary step to break down the magnet mass. On the other hand, the resin-bonded NdFeB magnets have very low strength and can be easily crushed by heating and removing the resin and epoxy used in their fabrication. 39. 3.

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Semantic Scholar extracted view of "A study of the effects of the addition of various amounts of Cu to sintered NdFeB magnets" by O. Ragg et al. ... from an Nd/sub 17/-Fe/sub 76.5/-B/sub 5/-Cu/sub 1.5/ alloy by a two-step heat treatment at 1370 K and 870 K following hydrogen decrepitation (HD)-processing. …Sprecher, et al. [8] compared the environmental impact of producing virgin NdFeB magnets to producing recycled NdFeB magnets from waste computer hard disk drives (HDDs) using hydrogen decrepitation. The results showed that recycling in general was more favorable to the environment, and this was especially true for manual …Novel hydrogen decrepitation behaviors of (La, Ce)-Fe-B strips. Jiaying Jin G. Bai +4 authors M. Yan. ... Doping with Dy/Tb is a current solution to improve the coercivity and the operating temperature of NdFeB magnets, by increasing the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the (Nd, Dy/Tb)2Fe14B (2:14:1) …High-temperature demagnetization can, however, cause melting of components, e.g., plastics, glue, etc. Hydrogen decrepitation (Table 8.3), a more efficient alternative, has been suggested for processing of HDDs [34], [35]. The NdFeB magnets absorb hydrogen, expanding in volume with about 5%, which causes breaking into …There are many major production steps –plus numerous sub steps- in the manufacture of high-quality, high-tech Neodymium magnets. Each step is highly important, and each step is an essential part of a highly refined …Absorption and desorption of hydrogen by the permanent magnet material Nd 2 Fe 1 4 B have been studied using a microcomputer‐controlled, thermomanometric analyzer with an initial hydrogen pressure of approximately 1 bar. Primary absorption occurs in the range 200–300 °C and results in the formation of a stable hydride with …The invention relates to a hydrogen decrepitation process for sintered Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets and belongs to the technical field of magnetic materials. The hydrogen decrepitation process includes melting metal materials, quickly solidifying the metal materials into cast pieces, activating the cast pieces under a certain condition, namely …A combination of hydrogen decrepitation (HD) and jet milling (JM) has been used to produce powder for the processing of permanent magnets. The procedure has proved to be very successful for both Nd-Fe-B (Neomax) alloys and the ND-Dy-Fe-Nb-B high coercivity alloys. The magnets produced by the HD/JM process showed excellent coercivities when …This paper studied the corrosion behavior of c ∥ and c ⊥ surfaces in sintered (Ce 0.15 Nd 0.85) 30 Fe bal B magnets. The conclusions are as follows: (1) The distribution of RE-rich phase is improved after Ce substitution compared with the sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets, and the value of A0 / A1 is approximate for both c ∥ and c ⊥ surfaces.International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Volume 22, Issues 2–3 , February–March 1997 , Pages 241-244 Technical and operating features of interaction between hydrogens and alloys and magnets on the basis of rare earth metalsThis work could have implications with regard to the mechanism of hydrogen decrepitation of sintered NdFeB magnets during the well-established recycling process described by Walton et al. [19] and [20]. During this process, scrap sintered NdFeB magnets are damaged in air to expose a clean surface suitable for hydrogen decrepitation. …May 5, 2017 · Typically, alloys are processed using the Hydrogen Decrepitation process (HD) [5], [6] where the cast NdFeB alloys are exposed to hydrogen at room temperature causing them to react exothermically, and consequently, decrepitating into a highly friable powder which can then be jet-milled, aligned, compressed and liquid phase sintered to form a ... Magnetic powders for sintered NdFeB magnets have been prepared by using an advanced processing method including strip casting, hydrogen decrepitation, jet milling and rubber isotropic press. The effects of Dy, Ga and Co addition on the microstructure and magnetic properties of sintered magnets have been investigated. By adopting a suitable …Hydrogen decrepitation (HD) is based on the selective synthesis of neodymium hydrides though the reaction of hydrogen gas with neodymium located in the Nd-Fe-B magnet. HD process was originally designed and patented by Harris et al. (1979) as a way to break down SmCo and Sm 2(Co,Fe,Cu,Zr) alloys. 5 17.High-temperature demagnetization can, however, cause melting of components, e.g., plastics, glue, etc. Hydrogen decrepitation (Table 8.3), a more efficient alternative, has been suggested for processing of HDDs [34], [35]. The NdFeB magnets absorb hydrogen, expanding in volume with about 5%, which causes breaking into …The hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process for cast NdFeB alloys [1] has also been shown to be a technically and economically effective method for breaking down scrap sintered NdFeB magnets into a powder [2] and hence, for instance, for the separation of NdFeB-based magnets from end-of-life hard disk drive assemblies [3], [4].The room temperature hydrogenation causes decrepitation of the material, where the Nd-rich material forms NdH 2.7 and the Nd 2 Fe 14 B matrix grains form an interstitial hydrogen solution. The material expands by ∼5% and because of its brittle nature and differential expansion, undergoes decrepitation [16] .Nov 15, 2021 · After the hydrogen decrepitation process, the powders were pulverized by either He-jet milling or N 2-jet milling, obtaining a powder with a particle size of ~0.8 µm for the HDDR processed and He-jet milled sample, ~1.0 µm for the He-jet milled sample, and ~3.0 µm for the N 2-jet milled sample. Feb 1, 1997 · Hydrogen decrepitation of Nd-Fe-B type magnet alloys is a two stage process. Firstly, the hydrogen reacts with the Nd-rich phase at or close to room temperature. This is an exothermic reaction [4] and the heat evolved then allows the second stage to proceed in which the hydrogen is absorbed by the Nd^FeuB matrix phase. The decrepitation process and related changes in the sample temperature are analysed to explain the experimentally observed weight gain curve of a Nd–Fe–B sample due to hydrogen uptake. It is shown that the expansion of the specific surface resulting from decrepitation of the sample is the most important parameter controlling …The nature of hydrogen decrepitation when applied to a cast Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet alloy has been studied by following the microstructural changes on polished surfaces of the material exposed to hydrogen at a pressure of 4 bar. The milling of the material decrepitated at a pressure of 10 bar has also been studied by determining …

High performance NdFeB permanent magnets are widely manufactured using the conventional powder metallurgy route involving distinct steps: alloy synthesis by strip casting, pulverization by hydrogen decrepitation and jet milling, shaping by compaction and sintering followed by annealing [32]. Every step of this manufacturing process has …NdFeB ingot exposed to hydrogen atmosphere due to the changes of hydride lattice parameters cracks. The process called HDDR (Hydrogenation - Decrepitation -D...Abstract. Some fully dense, sintered NdFeB-type magnets (employed in VCM disc drives) have been subjected to a recycling process using the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process. After a brief milling treatment, the powder was aligned, pressed and re-sintered and this procedure was repeated four times with a progressive fall in the density …Rare earth magnets based upon neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) are employed in many high tech applications, including h... Skip to main content. Sign In Create account . Journal Article OPEN ACCESS. THE USE OF THERMAL HYDROGEN DECREPITATION TO RECYCLE Nd-Fe-B MAGNETS FROM ELECTRONIC WASTE. Piotrowicz A; Pietrzyk S; …The ultrafine magnet waste (particle size < 1 µm) contained around 50% rare earths mainly in the form of hydroxides as they are generated from the hydrogen decrepitation. The major phases in ultrafine NdFeB waste were Nd(OH) 3, Fe 2 O 3 and Fe phases. When ultrafine magnet waste was leached with hydrofluoric acid, all the iron …

Hydrogen decrepitation (HD) of Nd-Fe-B cast alloys is widely used in the processing of sintered magnets. The oxidation resistance under air of alloy powder …The decrepitation process and related changes in the sample temperature are analysed to explain the experimentally observed weight gain curve of a Nd–Fe–B sample due to hydrogen uptake. It is shown that the expansion of the specific surface resulting from decrepitation of the sample is the most important parameter controlling ……

Reader Q&A - also see RECOMMENDED ARTICLES & FAQs. Hydrogen decrepitation (HD) of Nd-Fe-B cast alloys is wide. Possible cause: Jan 1, 1991 · The subject of this paper is method (4) together with other asp.

Oct 25, 2015 · End-of-life NdFeB magnets are important secondary RE sources. Several recycling methods for NdFeB magnets have been developed, such as direct reuse,4 hydrogen decrepitation (HD) and regeneration of new NdFeB,5–7 pyrometallurgical methods,8,9 hydrometallurgical methods,10–13 gas-phase extraction. T D ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT The Use of Hydrogen to Separate and Recycle Neodymium-Iron-Boron-type Magnets from Electronic Waste A. Walton a, Han Yi , N.A. Rowson b, J.D. Speight , V.S.J. Mann a, R.S. Sheridan , A. Bradshaw a, I.R. Harris a, A.J. Williams School of Metallurgy and Materials a and School of Chemical Engineering b, …Jan 1, 2022 · The SC alloy is converted into a fine powder by hydrogen decrepitation and then jet-milling (JM) to produce a fine powder consisting almost entirely of single crystal particles of the Nd 2 Fe 14 B phase. This powder is then filled into fills molds and pressed while a magnetic field is applied to orient the individual particles. The compacted ...

For the second type, three popular techniques, hydrogen decrepitation (HD), HDDR, and MS are applied to produce magnetic powders with the waste magnets. Note that the resultant powders prepared from the three techniques are single crystal powders, textured polycrystalline powders, and random aligned polycrystalline powders, respectively. ...Jul 14, 2000 · The decrepitation process and related changes in the sample temperature are analysed to explain the experimentally observed weight gain curve of a Nd–Fe–B sample due to hydrogen uptake. It is shown that the expansion of the specific surface resulting from decrepitation of the sample is the most important parameter controlling the hydrogen ...

Hydrogen is already used to process cast NdFeB in the Hydroge The powders were produced by hydrogen decrepitation and on heating, hydrogen evolution occurred in two stages: firstly from the matrix phase (~170 ~ and then from the neodymium-rich phase (350-750 ~ The neodymium-rich phase melted at ~630 ~ and no significant microstructural changes occurred below this temperature. The invention relates to a hydrogen decrepitation process for Oct 30, 2018 · The Hydrogen Decrepitation and the Hydrogen Hydrogen Decrepitation is a process step used in the production of Neodymium magnets to create extremely small grains in the material. Neodymium magnets must have very small grains averaging about 5 micrometers in order to have the best magnetic properties. But the grain sizes after casting are much larger than that, so they must be ground down ... Jan 1, 2006 · In this paper it is demon Dec 20, 2020 · After the hydrogen decrepitation, the hydrogenated NdFeB powder needs to be purified to remove all the impurities. This purification process has to be done in an inert atmosphere to avoid oxidation. Various authors have noted that both oxygen and carbon have been shown to have detrimental effects on the sintering process for NdFeB ( Lopes et al ... Sep 14, 2000 · This way of powdering known as hydrogen decrepitatiFully dense sintered NdFeB-type magnets have been subjected to theHydrogen absorption/adsorption properties of high c Jul 14, 2000 · The decrepitation process and related changes in the sample temperature are analysed to explain the experimentally observed weight gain curve of a Nd–Fe–B sample due to hydrogen uptake. It is shown that the expansion of the specific surface resulting from decrepitation of the sample is the most important parameter controlling the hydrogen ... 2.1. Introduction of this section. HDDR treatment is used to obtain Nd-Fe-B magnet powders with good magnetic anisotropy and high coercivity [6,8,19].Therefore, HDDR treatment has been used to produce anisotropic bonded magnets for high-performance motors in automobiles and electronic devices [20,21].In typical HDDR … Hydrogen decrepitation and recycling of High-temperature oxidation resistance of Nd–Fe–B magnetic powder is of great importance for its application in bonded magnet fields. In this work, the refinement and surface modification of Nd–Fe–B magnetic powders were integrated and achieved simultaneously. The effects of phosphoric acid, isopropyl tris-(dioctyl pyrophosphate … The method combines hydrogen decrepitation (HD) disintegratio[A Hydrogen Decrepitation Press-Less Process (HD-PLP) recycliThe processing and characterisation of rec As starting materials, magnets of different grades were used, which were processed by hydrogen decrepitation and blending the powder with NdH x. Composition inhomogeneity in the Nd 2 Fe 14 B-based magnetic phase grains in the recycled magnets and the existence of a core-shell structure consisting of a Nd-rich (Dy-depleted) core and …Fully dense, sintered NdFeB-type magnets have been subjected to the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process. The resultant powder has been subsequently …